Pedro A. Sanchez-Lara, M.D.
- Children? Hospital Los Angeles
- Keck School of Medicine and Ostrow School of Dentistry
- University of South California
- Los Angeles, California
Individuals who plan to attend and need special assistance cholesterol test los angeles zetia 10mg lowest price, such as sign language interpretation or other reasonable accommodations cholesterol numbers chart uk purchase genuine zetia on line, should notify the Contact Person listed below in advance of the meeting cholesterol levels measured in mmol/l buy discount zetia on-line. Any interested person may file written comments with the committee by forwarding the statement to the Contact Person listed on this notice my cholesterol ratio is 2.0 buy 10mg zetia otc. The statement should include the name cholesterol za wysoki generic zetia 10mg with mastercard, address cholesterol levels buy zetia 10 mg with mastercard, telephone number and when applicable, the business or professional affiliation of the interested person. Wright, Deputy Associate Administrator for Insurance and Mitigation, Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency. Non-watershed-based studies: Community Community map repository address Chaffee County, Colorado, and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Pitkin County, Colorado, and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. For rating purposes, the currently effective community number is shown in the table below and must be used for all new policies and renewals. Submit comments and/or appeals to the Chief Executive Officer of the community as listed in the table below. However, the online location and local community map repository address where the flood hazard determination information is available for inspection is provided. Any request for reconsideration of flood hazard determinations must be submitted to the Chief Executive Officer of the community as listed in the table below. Chief executive officer of community Online location of letter of map revision Benton. Unincorporated the Honorable Roger areas of Van Hooper, Van Buren Buren County County Judge, P. Chief executive officer of community the Honorable Ed Braddy, Mayor, City of Gainesville, P. Unincorporated the Honorable Veronica areas of El Escobar, El Paso CounPaso County ty Judge, 500 East San (15-06-0888P). The communities affected by the flood hazard determinations are provided in the tables below. Non-watershed-based studies: Community map repository address Carroll County, Iowa, and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Page County, Iowa, and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Polk County, Iowa and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Union County, Iowa, and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Polk County, Minnesota and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Roseau County, Minnesota and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. The Deputy Associate Administrator for Mitigation has resolved any appeals resulting from this notification. For rating purposes, the currently effective community number is shown and must be used for all new policies and renewals. Notice of these modified flood hazard determinations has been published in newspapers of local circulation and 90 days have elapsed since that publication. The modified flood hazard determinations are made pursuant to section 206 of the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, 42 U. They should not be construed to mean that the community must change any existing ordinances that are more stringent in their floodplain management requirements. The community may at any time enact stricter requirements of its own or pursuant to policies established by other Federal, State, or regional entities. The Honorable David Krebs, President, Village of Campbellsport Board of Trustees, P. From the date of the second publication of notification of these changes in a newspaper of local circulation, any person has 90 days in which to request through the community that the Deputy Associate Administrator for Mitigation reconsider the changes. The flood hazard determination information may be changed during the 90-day period. Revised flood hazard information for each community is available for inspection at both the online location and the respective community map repository address listed in the table below. The specific flood hazard determinations are not described for each community in this notice. The modifications are made pursuant to section 201 of the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, 42 U. Flood hazard determination information for each community is available for inspection at both the online location and the respective community map repository address listed in the table below. Calaveras County, California and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Los Angeles County, California and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Marin County, California and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Sonoma County, California and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. Whiteside County, Illinois and Incorporated Areas Maps Available for Inspection Online at. If you provide an email address in your request for copies of applications, we will attempt to respond to your request electronically. Please confine your comments to issues for which we seek comments in this notice, and explain the basis for your comments. Include sufficient information with your comments to allow us to authenticate any scientific or commercial data you include. The comments and recommendations that will be most useful and likely to influence agency decisions are: (1) Those supported by quantitative information or studies; and (2) Those that include citations to , and analyses of, the applicable laws and regulations. The public may review documents and other information applicants have sent in support of the application unless our allowing viewing would violate the Privacy Act or Freedom of Information Act. Fish and Wildlife Service, invite the public to comment on the following applications to conduct certain activities with endangered species. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 1year period. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 1-year period. This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us (see the Public Comments section below for more information). Viewing Comments: Comments and materials we receive will be available for public inspection on. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period. Brenda Tapia, Program Analyst/Data Administrator, Branch of Permits, Division of Management Authority. This teleconference is open to the public, and interested persons may present oral or written statements. If you are interested in presenting information at this public teleconference, contact the Council Coordinator no later than February 19, 2016. Individuals wishing to participate in the teleconference should contact the Council Coordinator no later than February 19, 2016, for the call-in information and so we can ensure that we have an adequate number of lines. Submitting Written Information or Questions Interested members of the public may submit relevant information or questions to be consider during the public teleconference. If you wish to submit a written statement, so that the information may be made available to the Council for their consideration prior to the teleconference, you must contact the Council Coordinator by the date in Public Input. Giving an Oral Presentation Individuals or groups requesting to make an oral presentation at the teleconference will be limited to 2 minutes per speaker, with no more than a total of 30 minutes for all speakers. Nonregistered public speakers will not be considered during the Council teleconference. Registered speakers who wish to expand upon their oral statements, or those who had wished to speak but could not be accommodated on the agenda, are invited to submit written statements to the Council within 30 days following the teleconference. Teleconference notes will be available by contacting the Council Coordinator within 30 days following the teleconference. A plat will not be officially filed until the day after all protests have been dismissed or otherwise resolved. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment-including your personal identifying information-may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. A statement of reasons for a protest may be filed with the notice of protest and must be filed with the Chief, Branch of Geographic Services within thirty days after the protest is filed. If a protest against the survey is received prior to the date of official filing, the filing will be stayed the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum) has corrected an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, published in a Notice of Inventory Completion in the Federal Register on July 30, 2013. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the Burke Museum. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the lineal descendants, Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. The Burke Museum is responsible for notifying the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation; Samish Indian Nation (previously listed as the Samish Indian Tribe, Washington); SaukSuiattle Indian Tribe; Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington (previously listed as Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington); Swinomish Indian Tribal Community (previously known as Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington); Tulalip Tribes of Washington (previously listed as the Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington); and the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe that this notice has been published. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. While cataloging, additional documentation was found indicating that three items were funerary objects. A determination of eligibility and subsequent future actions will be announced in the Federal Register upon completion of the assessment. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation; Samish Indian Nation (previously listed as the Samish Indian Tribe, Washington); SaukSuiattle Indian Tribe; the Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington (previously listed as Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington); Swinomish Indian National Park Service, Interior. R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Correction National Park Service, Interior. The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Deborah G. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Delaware Tribe of Indians may proceed. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying the Delaware Tribe of Indians that this notice has been published. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. The Commission made this determination pursuant to section 733(a) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U. It completed and filed its determination in this investigation on August 10, 2015. The Commission will issue a final phase notice of scheduling, which will be published in the Federal Register as provided in section 207. Parties that filed entries of appearance in the preliminary phase of the investigation need not enter a separate appearance for the final phase of the investigation. Industrial users, and, if the merchandise under investigation is sold at the retail level, representative consumer organizations have the right to appear as parties in Commission antidumping and countervailing duty investigations. The Secretary will prepare a public service list containing the names and addresses of all persons, or their representatives, who are parties to the investigation. Accordingly, effective July 2, 2015, the Commission, pursuant to section 733(a) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its Web site. In accordance with sections 503(a)(1)(A), 503(e), and 131(a) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (``the 1974 Act') (19 U. April 28, 2016: Transmittal of Commission report to the United States Trade Representative. Certain handbags and travel goods products Country(ies) Beneficiary Developing Countries. Nonadhesive plates, sheets, film, foil and strip, flexible, nesoi, of noncellular plastics.
Additional documentation establishing identity or qualification for Litigation Information System- Treasury/Comptroller cholesterol in steamed shrimp order generic zetia from india. An individual seeking notification in person must establish his or her identity by providing proof in the form of a single official document bearing a photograph (such as a passport or identification badge) or two items of identification that bear both a name and signature (such as credit cards) cholesterol fasting buy zetia uk. Access to electronic systems is restricted to authorized personnel who are issued nontransferrable access codes and passwords cholesterol ratio chart canada buy discount zetia 10mg line. Additional documentation establishing identity or qualification for notification may be required such as in an instance where a legal guardian or representative seeks notification on behalf of another individual cholesterol in eggs ldl or hdl purchase generic zetia on-line. This system of records contains records that are exempt from the notification cholesterol ratio explanation order 10mg zetia otc, access and contest requirements pursuant to 5 U cholesterol medication side effects erectile dysfunction buy zetia with amex. Access to computerized records is limited, through use of the system passwords, to those whose official duties require access. Abstract: Form 8824 is used by individuals, corporations, partnerships, and other entities to report the exchange of business or investment property, and the deferral of gains from such transactions under Internal Revenue Code section 1031. It is also used to report the deferral of gain under Code section 1043 from conflict-of-interest sales by certain members of the executive branch of the Federal government. Affected Public: Individuals or households and business or other forprofit organizations. Affected Public: Individuals or households, Businesses and other forprofit organizations. Books or records relating to a collection of information must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any internal revenue law. Abstract: this form is a generic clearance for an undefined number of customer satisfaction and opinion surveys and focus group interviews to be conducted over the next three years. Surveys and focus groups conducted under the generic clearance are used by the Internal Revenue Service to determine levels of customer satisfaction, as well as determining issues that contribute to customer burden. This information will be used to make quality improvements to products and services. Current Actions: We will be conducting different customer satisfaction and opinion surveys and focus group interviews during the next three years than in the past. At the present time, is not determined what these surveys and focus groups will be. Affected Public: Individuals or households, business or other for-profit organizations, not-for-profit institutions, farms and Federal, state, local or tribal governments. Abstract: Schedule F (Form 1040) is used to report gross income, expenses, and net profit or loss from farming. Generally, tax returns and tax return information are confidential, as required by 26 U. Written comments should be received on or before March 21, 2016 to be assured of consideration. Please send separate comments for each specific information collection listed below. A covered agreement is a ``written bilateral or multilateral agreement regarding prudential measures with respect to the business of insurance or reinsurance. A covered agreement must ``relate to the recognition of prudential measures with respect to the business of insurance or reinsurance that achieves a level of protection for insurance or reinsurance consumers that is substantially equivalent to the level of protection achieved under State insurance or reinsurance regulation. State insurance regulators will have a meaningful role during the covered agreement negotiating process. Ellerman, Director, Services & Investment, Office of the United States Trade Representative. The Committee is to assemble and review relevant information relating to the nature and character of disabilities arising during service in the Armed Forces, provide an ongoing assessment of the effectiveness of the rating schedule, and give advice on the most appropriate means of responding to the needs of Veterans relating to disability compensation. Any member of the public wishing to attend the meeting or seeking additional information should email Dr. Individuals wishing to make oral statements before the Committee will be accommodated on a first-come, first-served basis. Federal Register information and research tools, including Public Inspection List, indexes, and Code of Federal Regulations are located at: Under the principles of compact prosecution, each claim should be reviewed for compliance with every statutory requirement for patentability in the initial review of the application, even if one or more claims are found to be deficient with respect to some statutory requirement. Thus, examiners should state all reasons and bases for rejecting claims in the first Office action. Deficiencies should be explained clearly, particularly when they serve as a basis for a rejection. Whenever practicable, examiners and patent reexamination specialists should indicate how rejections may be overcome and how problems may be resolved. Where a rejection not based on prior art is proper (lack of adequate written description, enablement, or utility, etc. A failure to follow this approach can lead to unnecessary delays in the prosecution of the application. Prior to focusing on specific statutory requirements, examiners must begin examination by determining what, precisely, the inventor or joint inventor has invented and is seeking to patent, and how the claims relate to and define that invention. Examiners will review the complete specification, including the detailed description of the invention, any specific embodiments that have been disclosed, the claims and any specific, substantial, and credible utilities that have been asserted for the invention. After obtaining an understanding of what applicant invented, the examiner will conduct a search of the prior art and determine whether the invention as claimed complies with all statutory requirements. Identify and Understand Any Utility for the Invention exception is integrated into a "practical application" in the evaluation of subject matter eligibility. An applicant may assert more than one utility and practical application, but only one is necessary. Alternatively, an applicant may rely on the contemporaneous art to provide that the claimed invention has a well-established utility. Accordingly, examiners should continue their evaluation by (A) determining the function of the invention, that is, what the invention does when used as disclosed. The purpose of this requirement is to limit patent protection to inventions that possess a certain level of "real world" value, as opposed to subject matter that represents nothing more than an idea or concept, or is simply a starting point for future investigation or research (Brenner v. The applicant is in the best position to explain why an invention is believed useful. Accordingly, a complete disclosure should contain some indication of the practical application for the claimed invention, i. Such a statement will usually explain the purpose of the invention or how the invention may be used. Note that the concept of a "practical application" in the evaluation of utility is different from the concept of whether a judicial the claims define the property rights provided by a patent, and thus require careful scrutiny. The goal of claim analysis is to identify the boundaries of the protection sought by the applicant and to understand how the claims relate to and define what the applicant has indicated is the invention. Examiners must first determine the scope of a claim by thoroughly analyzing the language of the claim before determining if the claim complies with each statutory requirement for patentability. Examiners should begin claim analysis by identifying and evaluating each claim limitation. For products, the claim limitations will define discrete physical structures or materials. Product claims are claims that are directed to either machines, manufactures or compositions of matter. Examiners should then correlate each claim limitation to all portions of the disclosure that describe the claim limitation. This is to be done in all cases, regardless of whether the claimed invention is defined using means- (or step-) plus- function language. The correlation step will ensure that examiners correctly interpret each claim limitation in light of the specification. The subject matter of a properly construed claim is defined by the terms that limit the scope of the claim when given their broadest reasonable interpretation. As a general matter, grammar and the plain meaning of terms as understood by one having ordinary skill in the art used in a claim will dictate whether, and to what extent, the language limits the claim scope. The following types of claim language may raise a question as to its limiting effect: (A) statements of intended use or field of use, including statements of purpose or intended use in the preamble, (B) "adapted to" or "adapted for" clauses, (C) "wherein" or "whereby" clauses, (D) contingent limitations, (E) printed matter, or (F) terms with associated functional language. The determination of whether particular language is a limitation in a claim depends on the specific facts of the case. Examiners are to give claims their broadest reasonable interpretation in light of the supporting disclosure. Examiners are to give claimed means- (or step-) plus- function limitations their broadest reasonable interpretation consistent with all corresponding structures (or materials or acts) described in the specification and their equivalents. While it is appropriate to use the specification to determine what applicant intends a term to mean, a positive limitation from the specification cannot be read into a claim that does not itself impose that limitation. Finally, when evaluating the scope of a claim, every limitation in the claim must be considered. Examiners may not dissect a claimed invention into discrete elements and then evaluate the elements in isolation. It is inappropriate to dissect the claims into old and new elements and then to ignore the presence of the old elements in the analysis. This is particularly true in a process claim because a new combination of steps in a process may be patentable even though all the constituents of the Rev. Therefore, examiners should avoid focusing on only issues of patent-eligibility under 35 U. In many cases, the result of such a search will contribute to examiners understanding of the invention. Both claimed and unclaimed aspects of the invention described in the specification should be searched if there is a reasonable expectation that the unclaimed aspects may be later claimed. A search must take into account any structure or material described in the specification and its equivalents which correspond to the claimed means- (or step-) plus- function limitation, in accordance with 35 U. In this regard, the definiteness of the language must be analyzed, not in a vacuum, but always in light of the teachings of the disclosure as it would be interpreted by one of ordinary skill in the art. Best Mode Determining compliance with the best mode requirement requires a two-prong inquiry: (1) at the time the application was filed, did the inventor possess a best mode for practicing the invention; and (2) if the inventor did possess a best mode, does the written description disclose the best mode in such a manner that a person of ordinary skill in the art could practice the best mode. Deficiencies related to disclosure of the best mode for carrying out the claimed invention are not usually encountered during examination of an application because evidence to support such a deficiency is seldom in the record. The fact that experimentation is complex, however, will not make it undue if a person of skill in the art routinely engages in such experimentation. Once differences are identified between the claimed invention and the prior art, those differences must be assessed and resolved in light of the knowledge possessed by a person of ordinary skill in the art. Against this backdrop, one must determine whether the invention would have been obvious to one of ordinary skill in the art. The Office action should clearly communicate the findings, conclusions and reasons which support them. For example, the subject matter of the invention or discovery must come within the boundaries set forth by 35 U. The judicial exceptions are subject matter which courts have found to be outside of, or exceptions to , the four statutory categories of invention, and are limited to abstract ideas, laws of nature and natural phenomena (including products of nature). The terms "atomic energy" and "special nuclear material" are defined in Section 11 of the Act (42 U. A claimed invention must be useful or have a utility that is specific, substantial and credible. A rejection on the ground of lack of utility is appropriate when (1) it is not apparent why the invention is "useful" because applicant has failed to identify any specific and substantial utility and there is no well established utility, or (2) an assertion of specific and substantial utility for the invention is not credible. Such a rejection can include the more specific grounds of inoperativeness, such as inventions involving perpetual motion. The Court also determined that the distinction between living and inanimate things was not relevant for subject matter eligibility. Thus, the Court held that living subject matter with markedly different characteristics from any found in nature, such as the claimed bacterium produced by genetic engineering, is not excluded from patent protection by 35 U. Following the reasoning in Chakrabarty, the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences determined that animals are patentable subject matter under 35 U. Shortly after the Allen decision, the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks issued a notice (Animals - Patentability, 1077 O. With respect to plant subject matter, the Supreme Court held that patentable subject matter under 35 U. Note, however, that Congress has excluded claims directed to or encompassing a human organism from eligibility. Living Subject Matter May Be Directed To A Statutory Category In Chakrabarty, the Supreme Court held that a claim to a genetically engineered bacterium was directed to at least one of the four statutory categories, because the bacterium was a "manufacture" and/or a "composition of matter. Living Subject Matter May Be Eligible for Patent Protection nature-based product such as living subject matter is eligible for patent protection. As the Court explained, the modified bacterium was patentable because the patent claim was not to a "hitherto unknown natural phenomenon," but instead had "markedly different characteristics from any found in nature," due to the additional plasmids and resultant capacity for degrading oil. In Roslin, the claimed invention was a live-born clone of a pre-existing, non-embryonic, donor mammal selected from cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats. An embodiment of the claimed invention was the famous Dolly the Sheep, which the court stated was "the first mammal ever cloned from an adult somatic cell. Patent Office has already issued patents on genes, stems cells, animals with human genes, and a host of non-biologic products used by humans, but it has not issued patents on claims directed to human organisms, including human embryos and fetuses. E1177-04 (testimony of Representative Dave Weldon previously presented in connection with the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2004, Public Law 108-199, 634, 118 Stat.
H 0: 1 2 H a: 1 > 2 the words "is more effective" says that wax 1 lasts longer than wax 2 cholesterol levels by age group proven zetia 10 mg, on average cholesterol levels gpnotebook purchase zetia 10mg on line. Conclusion: At the 5% level of significance cholesterol ratio below 3 best order zetia, from the sample data xeljanz cholesterol cheap 10mg zetia, there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean time wax 1 lasts is longer (wax 1 is more effective) than the mean time wax 2 lasts definition of no cholesterol zetia 10 mg discount. On May 26 2013 cholesterol test las vegas discount 10 mg zetia visa, the mean age of 30 randomly selected Republican Senators was 61 years 247 days old (61. Conclusion: At the 5% level of significance, from the sample data, there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean age of Democratic senators is greater than the mean age of the Republican senators. Growing literature states that the population must be at least ten or 20 times the size of the sample. The pooled proportion is calculated as follows: x +x p c = n A + nB B A the distribution for the differences is: 1 1 P A - P B ~ N[0, p c(1 - p c)(n + n)] B A the test statistic (z-score) is: z= (p A - p B) - (p A - p B) p c(1 - p c)(n1 + n1) A B Example 10. Twenty out of a random sample of 200 adults given medication A still had hives 30 minutes after taking the medication. The data collected in the spring of 2010 among a random sample of middle and high school students in a large school district in the southern United States is summarized in Table 10. At the level of significance, from the sample data, there (is/is not) sufficient evidence to conclude that. In a hypothesis test for matched or paired samples, subjects are matched in pairs and differences are calculated. The "before" value is matched to an "after" value and the differences are calculated. Conclusion: At a 5% level of significance, from the sample data, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the sensory measurements, on average, are lower after hypnotism. At a 5% level of significance, from the sample data, there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the strength development class helped to make the players stronger, on average. Common notation for a specific value from the domain (set of all possible values of a variable) are lower-case Latin letters x, y, z. It is believed that 70% of males pass their drivers test in the first attempt, while 65% of females pass the test in the first attempt. Of interest is the proportion of consumers who prefer the new brand over the leading competitor. According to a television commercial, 80% of dentists agree that Ultrafresh toothpaste is the best on the market. In a random sample of 100 forests in the United States, 56 were coniferous or contained conifers. At school B, a sample of 16 in-state graduate programs has a mean of $80,000 with a standard deviation of $6,000. A researcher tests the native range of 12 different routers under the same conditions. A high school principal claims that 30% of student athletes drive themselves to school, while 4% of non-athletes drive themselves to school. Conduct a hypothesis test to see if the mean life spans in the county were the same for whites and nonwhites. The 598 Chapter 10 Hypothesis Testing with Two Samples researcher thinks the food makes the plants grow taller. In the first random survey, out of 1,000 North Dakotans, only nine people reported being of two or more races. Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if the population percents are the same for the two states or if the percent for Nevada is this OpenStax book is available for free at cnx. Does it appear that the proportion of Nevadans who are two or more races is higher than the proportion of North Dakotans After twelve weeks on the medication, the same six subjects have their blood pressure recorded again. In one particular study of 40 randomly chosen teenage girls and boys (20 of each) with cellular phones, the mean number of ring tones for the girls was 3. There is insufficient evidence to conclude that there is a significant difference between the means of the statistics day students and night students on Exam 2. There is sufficient evidence to conclude that there is a significant difference between the means of the statistics day students and night students on Exam 2. The mean age of the 130 United States prostitutes upon entering prostitution was 20 with a standard deviation of eight. Is the mean age of entering prostitution in Canada lower than the mean age in the United States Thirtyone non-hybrid sedans get a mean of 22 mpg with a standard deviation of four mpg. The solution sheet is found in 604 Chapter 10 Hypothesis Testing with Two Samples Appendix E. Locally, 65 seniors reported using drugs or alcohol within the past month, while 60 national seniors reported using them. The number of suicides estimated in the United States in 1992 for white females is 4,930. Elizabeth Mjelde, an art history professor, was interested in whether the value from the Golden Ratio formula, larger + smaller dimension was the same in the Whitney Exhibit for works from 1900 to 1919 as for works from 1920 larger dimension to 1942. At Lake Tahoe College, there were 321 Hispanic students out of a total of 2,441 students. A higher proportion of people ages 16 to 29 use tablets than the proportion of people age 30 and older. Joan Nguyen recently claimed that the proportion of college-age males with at least one pierced ear is as high as the proportion of college-age females. Is the proportion of race laps Terri completes slower than 130 seconds less than the proportion of practice laps she completes slower than 135 seconds Instead of dancing around with my friends while the music is booming, I get carried away by memories of my family back home in Kenya. Southern States Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia Table 10. The list of the cities with the corresponding hotel prices for his two favorite hotel chains is in Table 10. Northeastern States Connecticut Delaware Maine Maryland Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey New York Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont West Virginia Table 10. A study is done to determine if students in the California state university system take longer to graduate than students enrolled in private universities. The following data are collected: Pre-course score 1 960 1010 840 1100 1250 860 1330 790 990 1110 740 Table 10. University of Michigan researchers reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute that quitting smoking is especially beneficial for those under age 49. Random samples of 41 left-handed preschool children and 41 right-handed preschool children were given several tests of motor skills to determine if there is evidence of a difference between the children based on this experiment. Conclusion: At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean cost of auto insurance for teenage boys is greater than that for girls. The random variable is the difference between the proportions of Hispanic students at Cabrillo College and Lake Tahoe College. Random variable: p1 - p2 Distribution: H0: p1 = p2 Ha: p1 p2 the proportion of eReader users is different for the 16- to 29-year-old users from that of the 30 and older users. Conclusion: At the 5% level of significance, from the sample data, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion of eReader users 16 to 29 years old is different from the proportion of eReader users 30 and older. Conclusion: At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportions of males and females with at least one pierced ear is different. The random variable Xd is the mean difference in work times on days when eating breakfast and on days when not eating breakfast. The estimate for new female breast cancer cases in the south is higher in 2013 than in 2012. You use a chi-square test (meaning the distribution for the hypothesis test is chi-square) to determine if there is a fit or not. Suppose that a study was done to determine if the actual student absenteeism rate follows faculty perception. If the absent days occur with equal frequencies, then, out of 60 absent days (the total in the sample: 15 + 12 + 9 + 9 + 15 = 60), there would be 12 absences on Monday, 12 on Tuesday, 12 on Wednesday, 12 on Thursday, and 12 on Friday. Conclusion: At a 5% level of significance, from the sample data, there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the absent days do not occur with equal frequencies. Suppose a random sample of 56 students were asked on which night of the week they did the most homework. At the 1% significance level, does it appear that the distribution "number of televisions" of far western United States families is different from the distribution for the American population as a whole Ha: the "number of televisions" distribution of far western United States families is different from the "number of televisions" distribution of the American population. This means you reject the belief that the distribution for the far western states is the same as that of the American population as a whole. Conclusion: At the 1% significance level, from the data, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the "number of televisions" distribution for the far western United States is different from the "number of televisions" distribution for the American population as a whole. To run the test, put the observed values (the data) into a first list and the expected values (the values you expect if the null hypothesis is true) into a second list. Out of the 755, 70 had a speeding violation and 685 did not; 305 used cell phones while driving and 450 did not. Let y = expected number of drivers who used a cell phone while driving and received speeding violations. Type of Volunteer Community College Students Four-Year College Students Nonstudents 1-3 Hours 90. For example, the calculation for the expected frequency for the top left cell is E= (row total)(column total) (255)(298) = = 90. Need to Succeed in School High Need Medium Need Low Need Column Total High Anxiety 35 18 4 57 Medhigh Anxiety 42 48 5 95 Medium Anxiety 53 63 11 127 Medlow Anxiety 15 33 15 63 Low Anxiety 10 31 17 58 Row Total 155 193 52 400 Table 11. E = (row total)(column total) = total surveyed 638 Chapter 11 the Chi-Square Distribution Solution 11. A different test, called the test for homogeneity, can be used to draw a conclusion about whether two populations have the same distribution. To calculate the test statistic for a test for homogeneity, follow the same procedure as with the test of independence. Dormitory Apartment With Parents Other Males 72 84 86 49 88 45 35 Females 91 Table 11. Ha: the distribution of voter preferences was not the same before and after the earthquake. Conclusion: At a 5% level of significance, from the data, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the distribution of voter preferences was not the same before and after the earthquake. The following bulleted list is a summary that will help you decide which 2 test is the appropriate one to use. The null and alternative hypotheses are: H0: the two variables (factors) are independent. The null and alternative hypotheses are: H0: the two populations follow the same distribution. The post office experiments with a single, main waiting line and finds that for a random sample of 25 customers, the waiting times for customers have a standard deviation of 3. The parameter is the population variance, 2, or the population standard deviation. Hypothesis Test Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if the factors are independent: 1. The null hypothesis for this test states that the data come from the assumed distribution. The null hypothesis for this test states that the populations of the two data sets come from the same distribution. For a 90-day program, she expects each client to lift a specific maximum weight each week.
Additionally cholesterol levels high risk 10mg zetia with amex, the amount of white matter in the brain cholesterol juice buy zetia 10mg with mastercard, which is responsible for forming connections among neurons cholesterol deficiency discount zetia 10mg with visa, increases into the 50s before it declines cholesterol target values purchase zetia from india. Emotionally cholesterol test fasting australia best order for zetia, the middle aged brain is calmer cholesterol test hdl ldl ratio trusted 10 mg zetia, less neurotic, more capable of managing emotions, and better able to negotiate social situations (Phillips, 2011). Older adults tend to focus more on positive information and less on negative information than those younger. Lastly, adults in middle adulthood make better financial decisions, which seems to peak at age 53, and show better economic understanding. Although greater cognitive variability occurs among middle adults when compared to those both younger and older, those in midlife with cognitive improvements tend to be more physically, cognitively, and socially active. One distinction in specific intelligences noted in adulthood, is between fluid intelligence, which refers to the capacity to learn new ways of solving problems and performing activities quickly and abstractly, and crystallized intelligence, which refers to the accumulated knowledge of the world we have acquired throughout our lives (Salthouse, 2004). These intelligences are distinct, and crystallized intelligence increases with age, while fluid intelligence tends to decrease with age (Horn, Donaldson, & Engstrom, 1981; Salthouse, 2004). Research demonstrates that older adults have more crystallized intelligence as reflected in semantic knowledge, vocabulary, and language. As a result, adults generally outperform younger people on measures of history, geography, and even on crossword puzzles, where this information is useful (Salthouse, 2004). It is this superior knowledge, combined with a slower and more complete processing style, along with a more sophisticated understanding of the workings Figure 8. The differential changes in crystallized versus fluid intelligence help explain why older adults do not necessarily show poorer performance on tasks that also require experience. A young chess player may think more quickly, for instance, but a more experienced chess player has more knowledge to draw on. Seattle Longitudinal Study: the Seattle Longitudinal Study has tracked the cognitive abilities of adults since 1956. Every seven years the current participants are evaluated, and new individuals are also added. Approximately 6000 people have participated thus far, and 26 people from the original group are still in the study today. Current results demonstrate that middle-aged adults perform better on four out of six cognitive tasks than those same individuals did when they were young adults. However, numerical computation and perceptual speed decline in middle and late adulthood (see Figure 8. According to Phillips (2011) researchers tested pilots age 40 to 69 as they performed on flight simulators. Older pilots took longer to learn to use the simulators but performed better than younger pilots at avoiding collisions. When in a state of flow, the individual is able to block outside distractions and the mind is fully open to producing. Additionally, the person is achieving great joy or intellectual satisfaction from the activity and accomplishing a goal. Further, when in a state of flow, the individual is not concerned with extrinsic rewards. Csikszentmihalyi (1996) used his theory of flow to research how some people exhibit high levels of creativity as he believed that a state of flow is an important factor to creativity (Kaufman & Gregoire, 2016). Other characteristics of creative people identified by Csikszentmihalyi (1996) include curiosity and drive, a value for intellectual endeavors, and an ability to lose our sense of self and feel a part of something greater. In addition, he believed that the tortured creative person was a myth and that creative people were very happy with their lives. According to Nakamura and Csikszentmihalyi (2002) people describe flow as the height of enjoyment. Tacit knowledge is knowledge that is pragmatic or practical and learned through experience rather than explicitly taught, and it also increases with age (Hedlund, Antonakis, & Sternberg, 2002). It does not involve academic knowledge, rather it involves being able to use skills and to problem-solve in practical ways. Tacit knowledge can be understood in the workplace and used by blue collar workers, such as carpenters, chefs, and hair dressers. Middle Adults Returning to Education Midlife adults in the United States often find themselves in college classrooms. In fact, the rate of enrollment for older Americans entering college, often part-time or in the evenings, is rising faster than traditionally aged students. Students over age 35, accounted for 17% of all college and graduate students in 2009, and are expected to comprise 19% of that total by 2020 (Holland, 2014). In some cases, older students are developing Source skills and expertise in order to launch a second career, or to take their career in a new direction. Whether they enroll in school to sharpen particular skills, to retool and reenter the workplace, or to pursue interests that have previously Figure 8. The mechanics of cognition, such as working memory and speed of processing, gradually decline with age. However, they can be easily compensated for through the use of higher order cognitive skills, such as forming strategies to enhance memory or summarizing and comparing ideas rather than relying on rote memorization (Lachman, 2004). Although older students may take a bit longer to learn material, they are less likely to forget it quickly. Older adults have the hardest time learning material that is meaningless or unfamiliar. Older adults are more task-oriented learners and want to organize their activity around problem-solving. Results indicated that older students were more independent, inquisitive, and motivated intrinsically compared to younger students. Additionally, older women processed information at a deeper learning level and expressed more satisfaction with their education. To address the educational needs of those over 50, the American Association of Community Colleges (2016) developed the Plus 50 Initiative that assists community college in creating or expanding programs that focus on workforce training and new careers for the plus-50 population. Since 2008 the program has provided grants for programs to 138 community colleges affecting over 37, 000 students. The participating colleges offer workforce training programs that prepare 50 plus adults for careers in such fields as early childhood educators, certified nursing assistants, substance abuse counselors, adult basic education instructors, and human resources specialists. These training programs are especially beneficial as 80% of people over the age of 50 say they will retire later in life than their parents or continue to work in retirement, including in a new field. Gaining Expertise: the Novice and the Expert Expertise refers to specialized skills and knowledge that pertain to a particular topic or activity. In contrast, a novice is someone who has limited experiences with a particular task. Everyone develops some level of "selective" expertise in things that are personally meaningful to them, such as making bread, quilting, computer programming, or diagnosing illness. Expert thought is often characterized as intuitive, automatic, strategic, and flexible. Novice cooks may slavishly follow the recipe step by step, while chefs may glance at recipes for ideas and then follow their own procedure. This is because they are able to discount misleading symptoms and other distractors and hone in on the most likely problem the patient is experiencing (Norman, 2005). Consider how your note taking skills may have changed after being in school over a number of years. Chances are you do not write down everything the instructor says, but the more central ideas. You may have even come up with your own short forms for commonly mentioned words in a course, allowing you to take down notes faster and more efficiently than someone who may be a novice academic note taker. Flexible: Experts in all fields are more curious and creative; they enjoy a challenge and experiment with new ideas or procedures. The only way for experts to grow in their knowledge is to take on more challenging, rather than routine tasks. It is a long-process resulting from experience and practice (Ericsson, Feltovich, & Prietula, 2006). Middle-aged adults, with their store of knowledge and experience, are likely to find that when faced with a problem they have likely faced something similar before. This allows them to ignore the irrelevant and focus on the important aspects of the issue. Expertise is one reason why many people often reach the top of their career in middle adulthood. However, expertise cannot fully make-up for all losses in general cognitive functioning as we age. The superior performance of older adults in comparison to younger novices appears to be task specific (Charness & Krampe, 2006). As we age, we also need to be more deliberate in our practice of skills in order to maintain them. Charness and Krampe (2006) in their review of the literature on aging and expertise, also note that the rate of return for our effort diminishes as we age. In other words, increasing practice does not recoup the same advances in older adults as similar efforts do at younger ages. The civilian, non-institutionalized workforce; the population of those aged 16 and older, who are employed has steadily declined since it reached its peak in the late 1990s, when 67% of the civilian workforce population was employed. Those new entrants to the labor force, adults age 16 to 24, are the only population of adults that will shrink in size over the next few years by nearly half a percent, while those age 55 and up will grow by 2. In 2002, baby boomers were between the ages of 38 to 56, the prime employment group. In 2012, the youngest baby boomers were 48 and the oldest had just retired (age 66). These changes might explain some of the steady decline in work participation as this large population cohort ages out of the workforce. For both genders and for most age groups the rate of participation in the labor force has declined from 2002 to 2012, and it is projected to decline further by 2022. The exception is among the older middle-age groups (the baby boomers), and especially for women 55 and older. In 2012, 76% of Hispanic males, compared with 71% of White, 72% of Asian, and 64% of Black men ages 16 or older were employed. Among women, Black women were more likely to be participating in the workforce (58%) compared with almost 57% of Hispanic and Asian, and 55% of White females. Climate in the Workplace for Middle-aged Adults: A number of studies have found that job satisfaction tends to peak in middle adulthood (Besen, Matz-Costa, Brown, Smyer, & PittCatsouphers, 2013; Easterlin, 2006). This satisfaction stems from not only higher wages, but often greater involvement in decisions that affect the workplace as they move from worker to supervisor or manager. Job satisfaction is also influenced by being able to do the job well, and after years of experience at a job many people are more effective and productive. Another reason for this peak in job satisfaction is that at midlife many adults lower their expectations and goals (Tangri, Thomas, & Mednick, 2003). Middle-aged employees may realize they have reached the highest they are likely to in their career. This satisfaction at work translates into lower absenteeism, greater productivity, and less job hopping in comparison to younger adults (Easterlin, 2006). This may explain why females employed at large corporations are twice as likely to quit their jobs as are men (Barreto, Ryan, & Schmitt, 2009). Another problem older workers may encounter is job burnout, defined as unsuccessfully managed work place stress (World Health Organization, 2019). This is important when you Hours considered that the 40-hour work week is a myth for most Americans. The average work week for many is almost a full day longer (47 hours), with 39% working 50 or more hours per week (Saad, 2014). Challenges in the Workplace for Middleaged Adults: In recent years middle aged adults have been challenged by economic downturns, starting in 2001, and again in 2008. Fifty-five percent of adults reported some problems in the workplace, such as fewer hours, pay-cuts, having to switch to part-time, etc. While young adults took the biggest hit in terms of levels of unemployment, middle-aged adults also saw their overall financial resources suffer as their retirement nest eggs disappeared and house values shrank, while foreclosures increased (Pew Research Center, 2010b). Not surprisingly this age group reported that the recession hit them worse than did other age groups, especially those age 50-64. Middle aged adults who find themselves unemployed are likely to remain unemployed longer than those in early Figure 8. In the eyes of employers, it may be more cost effective to hire a young adult, despite their limited experience, as they would be starting out at lower levels of the pay scale. In addition, hiring someone who is 25 and has many years of work ahead of them versus someone who is 55 and will likely retire in 10 years may also be part of the decision to hire a younger worker (Lachman, 2004). American workers are also competing with global markets and changes in technology. Those who are able to keep up with all these changes or are willing to uproot and move around the country or even the world have a better chance of finding work. The decision to move may be easier for people who are younger and have fewer obligations to others. Leisure As most developed nations restrict the number of hours an employer can demand that an employee work per week, and require employers to offer paid vacation time, what do middle aged adults do with their time off from work and duties, referred to as leisure Around the world the most common leisure activity in both early and middle adulthood is watching television (Marketing Charts Staff, 2014). The leisure gap 336 between mothers and fathers is slightly smaller, about 3 hours a week, than among those without children under age 18 (Drake, 2013). Those age 35-44 spend less time on leisure activities than any other age group, 15 or older (U.
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